Territory Tribute

What are white ants? How much does white ants treatment cost?

Termites eat wooden planks. Damage of a wooden house from termites

When it comes to pest control and termites, you’ve likely heard about white ants. The damage they inflict can be severe, so it’s essential to recognize the signs and have your home regularly inspected for their activity.

Your home isn’t just a place to live; it’s a valuable investment. That’s why keeping an eye out for termites is crucial. According to the University of Technology Sydney, these wood-devouring pests are a significant issue in Australia, causing over $1.5 billion in damages to homes annually. With a single colony boasting more than 10 million workers, your home could be their next feast.

Furthermore, the Environmental Pest Managers Association (AEPMA) warns that termites are becoming a growing concern. They attribute this rise to changes in construction methods since the 1960s, such as building homes with concrete slabs close to the ground and using softwood timber for framing.

So, what happens when your home’s integrity starts to weaken with these so-called ‘white ants’?

What are white ants?

White ants, often referred to as termites, are small insects that belong to the order Isoptera. Despite their nickname, they are not actually ants but are more closely related to cockroaches. These tiny creatures are known for their social behaviour and their ability to cause significant damage to wooden structures.


White ants vary in size depending on their caste within the colony. Workers, which make up the majority of the colony, are typically pale and soft-bodied, resembling small, pale ants. Soldiers have larger heads and powerful mandibles, while reproductive individuals, also known as alates or swarmers, have wings and are responsible for starting new colonies.

Termites eat wooden planks. Damage of a wooden house from termites


White ants are found worldwide, with some species more prevalent in certain regions. They thrive in warm, humid environments and are commonly found in forests, woodlands, and urban areas. Within their colonies, white ants build intricate networks of tunnels and chambers to house their large populations.


White ants primarily feed on cellulose, which is found in wood and plant materials. They play a crucial role in breaking down dead plant matter and recycling nutrients back into the soil. However, when they invade human-made structures, such as homes or buildings, they can cause extensive damage by consuming wooden structures and other cellulose-based materials.


White ants are highly social insects that live in organized colonies. Each colony consists of different castes, including workers, soldiers, and reproductives. Workers are responsible for foraging for food, maintaining the nest, and caring for the young. Soldiers defend the colony against predators and other threats, while reproductives are tasked with mating and establishing new colonies.

Impact on Humans

While white ants play a vital ecological role in ecosystems, their presence can be problematic for humans. When they infest buildings or wooden structures, they can cause significant damage, leading to costly repairs. Additionally, their presence can be a source of stress and inconvenience for homeowners and property owners.

Signs you may have white ants/termite

Spotting signs of termites in your home may not always be as obvious as you think. While the idea of these wood-munching pests conjures images of crumbling homes, termites often operate out of sight. Here are some common indicators to watch for:

  • Look out for termite remnants like droppings or discarded wings.
  • Keep an eye on any termite tunnels or mud tubes, which they use for travel.
  • Check for damage to walls, such as chipping, flaking, or dampness.
  • Tap interior timbers; a hollow sound could mean termites have feasted on the wood.

Clicking sounds from walls or ceilings might signal termite activity. You can even listen closely by placing your ear against the wood. These clicks could be termites munching away or soldier termites signalling danger by banging their heads against the timber.

When faced with a termite infestation, it’s essential to take action promptly. The Australian Museum notes that while there are over 300 termite species in Australia, only a few pose a threat to structures. To tackle the problem effectively, it’s crucial to identify the species, locate the nest, and select suitable eradication methods.

While you might find termite-killing products at your local hardware store, seeking professional assistance is advisable. Termites live in vast colonies, and especially subterranean termites dwelling below ground can be tough to eliminate.

A termite management expert can tailor a treatment plan to your specific situation. Bringing in professionals not only ensures effective eradication but also minimizes exposure to potent pest control chemicals.

How much does termite treatment cost?

Wondering about the cost of termite inspection and treatment? Let’s break it down:

Termite Inspection Cost

The initial step in addressing a termite issue is getting a professional pest inspection. This helps determine if termites are present in your home or if another problem is affecting your timber.

According to Hipages, a termite inspection typically ranges from $250 to $500. The exact cost depends on factors like the size of your home and whether specialized equipment is needed. Shopping around can help you find a service that fits your budget.

Termite Treatment Cost

If termites are indeed found, treating the infestation becomes crucial. Hipages notes that termite treatment costs can vary widely, ranging from $250 to $3,000.

While the expense may seem hefty, it’s an investment in safeguarding your home’s structural integrity. Getting multiple quotes allows you to compare prices and make an informed decision.

The total cost depends on factors such as the extent of the infestation, the type of treatment used, and the pest control company hired for the job.

  • Treatments involving spraying, dusting, or injecting foam directly into affected areas, like windowsills, typically cost between $330 and $660.
  • Opting for a termite baiting system, which can range from $2,500 to $3,500 depending on your home’s size, is another option. However, keep in mind that bait systems require regular maintenance, adding around $800 to the overall expense.
  • For a more comprehensive approach, consider a termite barrier. This could involve trench treatments, chemical soil treatments, or physical barriers around your home. Prices vary based on the area to be covered and could reach up to $3,000.

How to prevent a white and/or termite infestation?

When it comes to dealing with termites, prevention is key. Taking simple and cost-effective measures can help homeowners avoid the headache of dealing with a termite infestation down the line.

Pre-Purchase Pest Inspection: If you’re in the market for a new home, consider arranging a pre-purchase pest inspection before sealing the deal. According to Hipages, this service typically ranges from $150 to $300. While it may add to your upfront costs, it can save you a bundle by uncovering any hidden termite issues before you buy.

Annual Pest Inspections: Once you’ve moved in, it’s wise to schedule an annual pest inspection. While this can cost up to $500, it’s a worthwhile investment. Subterranean termites can wreak havoc on your home’s structural integrity in a matter of months, so catching a problem early can save you from costly repairs down the road.

Basic Preventative Measures: Victoria’s Department of Health suggests several simple steps to protect your home from termites:

  • Use termite-resistant timbers when renovating, and ensure timber structures don’t touch soil or the ground.
  • Store timber away from your home’s foundations.
  • Clear vegetation, including garden beds, from around your home’s foundations.
  • Keep weep holes and other ventilation and drainage systems clear of debris.
  • Fix any plumbing leaks promptly, as termites thrive in moist environments.

Remember, if you notice any signs of termite activity, don’t delay in taking action. Swift intervention can prevent further damage to your home and save you money in the long run.


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