HealthyHome Garden

10 Most Common Bugs in Your Home and How to Eliminate Them

Dealing with household bugs is a common challenge, and understanding how to identify and eliminate them is crucial for a pest-free living environment.

Bugs are a natural part of our world, but when it comes to our homes, most of us prefer them to stay outside. Despite our best efforts, insects find their way indoors, but there are ways to keep them from sticking around.

In this guide, we’ll explore practical strategies to address ten common household bugs, providing effective solutions that are easy to implement. Discover which bugs might be entering your living spaces and learn effective methods to remove them from your home.

 

Related article: Possums in Australia: Why Are They a Problem?

 

10 Most Common Bugs in Your Home

A brown marmorated stink bug, chinche parda marmorada

Stink Bugs

Why are stink bugs attracted to your home? While they usually live outdoors, they seek indoor shelter when the weather turns cooler. If you encounter these shield-shaped bugs, avoid swatting or squashing them—disturbing them releases a foul odour that attracts more stink bugs.

How to Eliminate Stink Bugs

To get rid of them, use a vacuum, but remember to dispose of the vacuum bag at a safe distance from your house.

Weevils

Weevils often enter your home by hitching a ride in your groceries. Adult weevils lay eggs in rice and grains, leading to an unnoticed infestation until they hatch and infest your pantry. The quickest solution is to purge your pantry of unsealed dry foods, including flour, cornmeal, oats, rice, pasta, and items without sealed pouches.

How to Eliminate Weevils

Dispose of sealed item boxes, clean pantry shelves, and use a household insecticide to prevent further infestations.\

Close up of a couple carpet beetles ,  Anthrenus pimpinellae , in white flowers in the garden

Carpet Beetles

While adult carpet beetles are harmless, their larvae can damage rugs, curtains, upholstery, clothing, and books. Infestations may go unnoticed until the damage is evident.

How to Eliminate Carpet Beetles

If you suspect an infestation, clean thoroughly by dusting and vacuuming to remove hiding spots for these pests. Wash or dry clean clothes, and treat rugs with insecticide, boric acid, or diatomaceous earth to eliminate remaining larvae.

Yellowish-grey centipede, isolated on white

Centipedes

Centipedes play a helpful role in your home by preying on bad bugs like termites, moths, and roaches, without causing harm or contaminating your space. However, if you prefer not to share your living quarters with these many-legged neighbours, you can trap them or use insecticide around baseboards, doors, and windows.

How to Eliminate Centipedes

Prevent future infestations by clearing brush and debris around your house perimeter and sealing cracks and crevices in your home exterior. Since centipedes thrive in moisture, consider investing in a dehumidifier, and check out our researched guide to the best humidifiers for more information.

Fruit Flies

A fruit fly infestation can escalate quickly. You might spot one in the morning, only to come home to several more in the evening. These flies multiply rapidly, with larvae hatching just 24 hours after eggs are laid.

How to Eliminate Fruit Flies

You can prevent or eliminate fruit flies by storing soft fruits in the refrigerator, wiping down cutting boards and counters after food prep, and emptying garbage and recycling cans daily. If you still see fruit flies, create a DIY trap by filling a small tumbler halfway with apple cider vinegar, adding a tablespoon of dishwashing liquid, and filling the rest with warm water. The flies will enter but won’t be able to fly out.

many ants on a board

Ants

Despite their small size, ants are persistent home invaders seeking food, water, and shelter, often targeting kitchens and bathrooms.

How to Eliminate Ants

While baited traps effectively eliminate ants, they may not be suitable for areas accessible to small children or pets. If you prefer natural solutions, there are various remedies to try. After getting rid of ants, discourage their return by vacuuming regularly, wiping surfaces daily to erase their scent trails, and taking out the trash every day.

Dead cockroach on floor, pest control concept

Cockroaches

Cockroaches are a widespread issue, particularly in big cities across the country. Spotting one, usually in the kitchen or bathroom, signals the likely presence of many more hidden away.

How to Eliminate Cockroaches

Eliminating cockroaches can be challenging once they’ve settled in, so take swift and consistent action. Place insecticide or roach traps strategically, such as under the sink, behind the toilet, or near the fridge. Regularly change traps and reapply insecticide to combat newly hatched cockroaches. Take preventive steps by promptly cleaning up after meals, storing food in sealed packages, and disposing of trash daily. For thoroughness, remove any remaining pet food from bowls after dogs and cats finish eating.

Bottom view of Drain Fly - Clogmia albipunctata

Drain Flies

Surprisingly, drain flies inhabit the depths of your drains due to the decomposing gunk lining slow or clogged drains.

How to Eliminate Drain Flies

If you notice these flies near your sink, identify the specific drain they’re coming from, likely one with a clog. Clear the clog using a drain snake or pipe brush, open the P-trap under the sink to remove any remaining debris, or use a chemical drain cleaner if necessary. Seal the system, and finish by pouring an enzyme cleaner down the drain to eliminate residue and any remaining drain fly eggs.

Detailed closeup on the four lines silverfish , Ctenolepisma lineatum sitting on wood

Silverfish

The elusive silverfish, known for consuming fabric, paper, glue, and cardboard, can be a troublesome indoor pest.

How to Eliminate Silverfish

Despite their resilience, you can eliminate them using traps, insecticides, boric acid, or diatomaceous earth. Prevent their return by making your home less welcoming—remove piled-up newspapers, junk mail, and old cardboard boxes. Store off-season items in plastic bins and transfer dry goods from boxes to containers with secure lids.

Dust Mites

Though unpleasant, every home hosts dust mites, feeding on dead skin cells in plush surfaces like carpets, upholstery, bedding, and toys.

How to Eliminate Dust Mites

While complete elimination is challenging, routine cleaning can control their population. Wash bedding in hot water weekly, and vacuum carpets and furniture regularly. For plush toys or delicate items, use the freezer—seal them in a ziplock bag and freeze them for at least 48 hours to eliminate dust mites.

In conclusion

while the bugs discussed may not pose significant dangers, their presence can be both annoying and unhygienic. Each type requires specific methods for repelling and removing them, and it’s worthwhile to invest the time and effort to address these issues. If the infestation becomes overwhelming or if you’re unsure of how to handle it effectively, it’s advisable to seek professional assistance promptly. Calling in professionals can not only alleviate the immediate problem but also prevent potential damage in the future. Taking proactive measures ensures a pest-free and more comfortable living environment.

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